Biography

Jaromír Typlt

(1973) comes from Nová Paka. He has graduated at Faculty of Arts, Karlova University, Prague. At present he applies himself to exhibitions of progressive art and photography.
He has published poetry and prose and in the latest years he gave effect to the book-objects in conjunction with other allied artists.
His text became a part of the short film (Viktor Kopasz: Shadowplay, 2002) also a radio composition (Michal Rataj: že ne zas až, 2006) and several exhibitions.
Jaromír Typlt also acts as an editor of fine art and literaty „art brut“ (Zdeněk Košek, Hana Fousková, František Novák).
He has also published a number of studies about Czech writers and fine artists in magazines.
Since 1999 he has amplified the form of so-called „altered authorial reading “ in which he makes use of pre-recorded voices, language rhythm but also even the found objects and scenic action in the space.

He was awarted the prize of Jiří Orten in 1994.
He lives in Liberec and Nová Paka.

About His Work

In the early nineties, Jaromír Typlt presented himself in the context of Czech literature as one of the most distinctive authors of the young generation particularly through his poetic works and numerous essays and literary-critical writings. In his beginnings, he was influenced by the self-destructive poetics of rock music as well as by the growing inspiration by surrealism (cf. Typlt’s first work, “heavy-metal mass composition in F minor” Koncerto grosso / Concerto Grosso, 1990).

Typlt perceived poetry namely as a counterpoint to dull routine and utilitarianism. His creative self-consciousness was pervaded with his desire for constant verbal and sensational initiation and for emotional suggestion, which, nevertheless, time to time materialized in the shape of mannerist gestures. Also Typlt’s prosaic (Pohyblivé prahy chrámů / Movable Thresholds of Temples, 1991, Zápas s rodokmenem / Fighting the Family Tree, 1993) and dramatic (Dříve než vzápětí / Earlier than Afterwards, 1994) works were of similar character. With their emphasis put on all-embracing imagination and the play with absurd dimensions of language, Typlt’s writings more and more adopted the shape of a provocative proclamation “à la Dalí”, which is dominated by structure and form.

The selection of works titled Ztracené peklo / Lost Inferno (1994) represents a sort of programme review of Typlt’s early writings, consisting, among others, of the collections Procitající teurgos / Teurgos Awakening and Epocha Setmění / The Epoch of Nightfall (subtitled Kytaromachie / Guitarmachy). Here, Typlt tried to sketch, through cascades of metaphors, neologisms, and archetypal images, the “new cosmogony”, a sort of poetic universe construed out of defiance, streaming out of the subject himself.

The postulate of a forced breakthrough into the absolute equilibrium of the creative truth is conveyed by the essayistic manifest titled Rozžhavená kra / Red-Hot Ice Floe (1993/1996), in which Typlt categorically rejects all modern conventions of contemporary art and literature.

 

After 2000, Typlt has been publishing his own texts only sporadically, mostly in form of bibliophilic prints.

In these, the author’s literary expression is closely intertwined with the visual art; the graphic element and the word complement and inspire one another: it is only the moment of their mutual interaction that yields the unity of meaning. Such are the so-called “authorial books”, which Typlt has been creating together with the artist Jan Měřička since 1999. Some of these texts have been collected in the book titled že ne zas až / that-the-un-struck (2003).

 

It was as late as in 2007 with the publication of the book Stisk / Squeeze (2007) that Typlt re-entered the wider literary communication; with the book representing a varied composition of his poetic, prosaic, and essayist work from the period 1993 – 2007. In these texts, Typlt did manage to manage do without programme accentuations and proclamations of linkage with surrealism. Nevertheless, Typlt has continued to build his style upon expressive creative gesture, experiment, and play. The prosaic texts are governed by strong lyrical elements and experiments with structure and composition. Their thematic level is enfolded in dreamlike indeterminateness, and the logic of narration is penetrated by deliberate absurdity. Also the poetic texts of the collection are playful and experimental; to a large extent building up on the graphic elements of expression; with irrational imagination clashing with constituents of the language of discourse.

 

Adopted from Slovník českých spisovatelů po roce 1945 / Encyclopaedia of Czech Writers after 1945
Entry authors: Vladimír Novotný and Karel Piorecký